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Perkins Engines Company Limited, a subsidiary of Caterpillar Inc., is a diesel engine manufacturer for several markets including Agricultural, Construction, Material Handling, Power Generation and Industrial. Established in Peterborough, England in 1932, over the years Perkins has continued to grow its engine range and produce thousands of different engine specifications.

Perkins diesel and gas engines have been made for the industrial, agricultural, marine and power generation markets, but two engines stand out among the general public for their automotive applications.

Perkins' 1.6 litre (99 cubic inch) P4C engine, producing 45 or 60 hp (45 kW), was extremely popular in Europe and Israel for taxis and commercially driven cars during the 1950s and early 1960s; many cars, including American imports, were retrofitted with these engines for taxi use, with kits made by Hunter NV of Belgium. Perkins engines were also used as standard factory equipment in Jeeps and Dodge trucks in the United States in the 1960s. They also continued to be popular in European trucks from their original customer, Commer and other companies.

The Perkins 6.354 medium duty engine was designed to be compact enough to replace gasoline V8 engines in trucks, despite its in-line six-cylinder design. Producing 112 horsepower (84 kW) in early years (later rising to 120 hp), it had a small jackshaft driven by the timing gears for the auxiliary drive, with the oil pump driven by a quill shaft so it could run auxiliary equipment at engine speed with simple couplings.

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